Under the Constitution of 1960, along with the Maronites and Armenians, Latins (Cypriot Roman Catholics of European descent) are recognized as a “religious group” and have opted to be part of the Greek Cypriot community. The Latin Community is represented by an elected Representative at the House of Representatives, without the right to vote.
The Latins of Cyprus do not have a language of their own but are a wholly religious group with members from European countries and Latin American countries.
There are churches of the Latin community in every city. There are two Catholic schools in Cyprus, St. Mary's School which operates in Limassol and the Terra Santa College in Nicosia, which accept all children, regardless of origin, ethnicity or religious background.
In February 2023, a research project (named Carmela) was launched concerning the establishment of a Cyprus Archive of Oral Tradition, for the Armenian and Latin Religious Groups of Cyprus. The aim of the research program is to achieve the recording of cultural and religious elements, traditions and linguistic peculiarities of each community. This will be achieved through the testimonies and experiences of the members of the two communities during the last century. The research is carried out in collaboration with the Centre for Scientific Research of the Ministry of Education, Sports and Youth and the Department of Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies of the University of Cyprus.
The Latin community also maintains a nursing home in Larnaca as well as the “Hospice” relief centre in Paphos, where people of all religions and backgrounds are housed. The centre was built upon the initiative of English Catholics, non-Cypriot nationals and residents of the Paphos area with the help of the Paphos Catholic priest.
The community does not have a Bishopric in Cyprus, instead it is under the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem and its representative in Cyprus is the Episcopal Vicar. The Vicariate is housed in Nicosia. The Latins of Cyprus are a coherent and steadily growing community. According to the latest Demographic Report of the Statistical Service in 2017, Latins constitute 0.1% of the Greek Cypriot Community (the Greek Cypriot community number 713,500) and during the past few years the arrival of many Roman Catholics from various other countries has increased.
Below you can find relevant information and material about the Armenian Community: